Some 5.8 million tonnes of waste are landfilled or incinerated in Québec each year. More than 60% of this waste is organic. Anaerobic digestion is a forward-thinking solution to the many challenges of managing organic waste.
- The organic waste that ends up in landfills produces methane, a GHG whose contribution to the greenhouse effect and to global climate change is more harmful than CO2.
- Organic waste also pollutes groundwater.
- Expanding landfill sites degrades the sites and makes land unavailable for other purposes.
Economic and social issues
- Many dumps and landfills are nearing capacity.
- Municipalities are facing ever-rising waste collection and management costs.
- The social impacts of expanding existing landfills or opening new ones means municipalities often have to deal with citizen complaints over visual or olfactory pollution and health risks.
New regulations regarding the Québec government’s energy and environmental policy are promoting organic waste recovery:
- The 2013-2020 Climate Change Action Plan encourages the reduction of GHG emissions linked to waste management and promotes the emergence of bioenergy.
- In parallel, the Québec Residual Materials Management Policy bans organic waste in landfills and requires that they be recycled as of 2020.
- Québec’s 2030 Energy Policy requires a 25% increase in the production of renewable energy and a 50% increase in the production of bioenergy (including biomethane).
- A new Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources regulation requires natural gas distributors (such as Énergir) to inject a minimum of 1% of renewable natural gas (RNG) into the natural gas grid as of 2020. This minimum quantity is expected to be set at 5% as of 2025.
GNR Québec Capital can help you make sense of it all